Research

Agriculture Sector Review

Afghanistan Agriculture Sector Review

Investing in agriculture in Afghanistan is critical as the sector accounts for a quarter of the national economy, and plays an important role in the livelihoods of the approximately 76% of the population and nearly 90% of the poor living in rural areas. The World Bank carried out an Agricultural Sector Review in 2014.

The Review proposes a strategy to serve as an initial phase in the national agricultural strategy, providing an early boost to productivity growth, employment, and poverty reduction.

The review takes into account the diversity of Afghan Agriculture and proposes a two-pillar strategy to achieve developmental goals in this context:

Pillar I: Prioritized Value Chains: Irrigated wheat and horticulture, and intensive livestock are the value chains that provide the most promising opportunities.  Currently, these three sub-sectors account for 66% of agricultural GDP. With the right mix of policies and strategic investments, the three subsectors could double the value of agricultural production and add 1.3 million jobs in 10 years. 

Pillar II: Addressing the Needs of the Rural Poor: The prospect for significant productivity gains in rain-fed and extensive farming systems is limited. Other complementary and non-farm interventions will also be required, especially for people with access to little land or livestock. These interventions include community development programs, relief programs, education and training, settlement programs, and social protection programs.